The new agreement’s five content discussed the basics of a future mutual condition to the one or two nationalities

The new agreement’s five content discussed the basics of a future mutual condition to the one or two nationalities

The fresh leaders of your Czech Federal Alliance while the Slovak Category from America signed the latest Cleveland Arrangement, in which they bound to work with the preferred goal of separate statehood toward Czechs and you may Slovaks.

Michal Bosak, immediately following acclaimed given that “brand new richest Slovak in the us,” dependent the Bosak County Lender inside the Scranton, Pennsylvania. Bosak found the brand new You.S. when you look at the 1886 from the ages 16 and you may initial worked as the a beneficial miner, going on becoming a business person whose possibilities incorporated the new Bosak Production Business (a wines and you may alcoholic beverages delivery organization), this new Bosak State Bank, a vacation company, and lots of creditors into the northeastern Pennsylvania. Bosak was also a commander regarding Slovak-American people, to be a good signatory for the Pittsburgh Agreement therefore the publisher from new per week papers Slovenska obrana. Each of Bosak’s company and you will financial possibilities finished inside Higher Despair.

Offer getting Bosak’s Horke Vino, a wine-created elixir delivered and provided by the fresh new Bosak Design Business, from Obrana: Narodny kalendar, Obrana Posting Organization, Scranton, 1922.


This new Pittsburgh Agreement was ended because of the agencies out of Czechs and you will Slovaks on a conference of one’s Western department of the Narodni rada ceskoslovenska (Czechoslovak National Council) into the Pittsburgh. The latest contract recommended a program to the endeavor to possess a familiar state off Czecho-Slovakia and you will assented the brand new condition would be a good democratic republic where Slovakia would have its very own government, legislature, and you may process of law.


Reverend Jaroslav Pelikan was born in Akron, Ohio. He was a good Lutheran theologian plus one of your own leading chapel historians of twentieth century.


Michael Novak, a respected Roman Catholic theologian and you will political creator, was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. In his really works, the guy became a spokesman not just to have Slovaks, but for every ethnic organizations in the united states too, in such performs just like the Basics from Ethnicity and you can Unmeltable Ethnics: Government and Community inside Western Existence.


Alois Havrilla, produced from inside the Presov within the 1891 and you may coming in on the You.S. because a small child speaking zero English, obtained the new prestigious Medal once and for all Diction given a year by American Academy of Arts and Characters. Havrilla had and additionally sung professionally; acted within the Broadway musicals; narrated videos to own big studios; spent some time working during the enough Ny-urban area radio stations once the an information commentator, announcer, narrator, and you may host of audio applications; and you may did sound-more work for this new Paul Whiteman and you may Jack Benny broadcast applications.

Recording, ca. 1921, out-of Alois Havrilla singing “Tancuj, tancuj,” a highly-understood Slovak folk song. Courtesy: American Thoughts, Collection away from Congress, Arizona, D.C.


From this Furnace, the story from about three generations off Slovaks employed in steel mills, is authored by Thomas Bell (Belejcak), a western-produced publisher exactly who depicted the existence out-of Slovak immigrants in lot of from their really works.

New Edgar Thomson Really works, within the Braddock, Pennsylvania (c. 1905). Of many Slovak immigrant men did from the heavy lifting jobs, such as those when you look at the steel mills, coal mines, and you may foundries. Women most often both did since the home-based help otherwise took for the boarders at your home. Courtesy: Prints and Photos Department, Library out-of Congress, Arizona, D.C.

The latest forty eight-inch universal plate factory in the Homestead Metal Work, when you look at the Homestead, Pennsylvania, (c. 1908). Courtesy: Prints and Pictures Office, Library away from Congress, Washington, D.C.


The You.S. Navy accredited the brand new USS Durik, good warship called in honor of Joseph Edward Durik, good Slovak serviceman away from Southwest, Pennsylvania, who’d passed away right down to an accidental torpedo capturing to the USS Meredith.


Slovakia, that was setup since a separate condition by Nazi Germany, try reincorporated for the Czechoslovakia. That it led to an enthusiastic exodus of some 5,000 officials of one’s wartime Slovak Republic.